December 7, 2022

Keto 3ds are copacetic. They contain BHB.

What is BHB?

People who want to reduce weight and improve their metabolic health are turning to the ketogenic diet, sometimes known as “keto.” This eating plan is becoming increasingly popular among athletes, biohackers, and regular people.

1 Although the ketogenic diet was initially developed as a treatment for epilepsy, recent studies have shown that its potential advantages may extend far beyond the nervous system.

You might be familiar with the fundamentals of the keto diet, such as the fact that it is a high-fat and low-carb eating plan; however, you might not be familiar with how the keto diet operates or even what the term ketogenic even means.

And that’s fine; it’s a rather in-depth topic that involves a lot of complicated (and interesting) physiological concepts.

The good news is that you won’t need a Ph.D. in biochemistry in order to comprehend a few of the foundations of the ketogenic diet.

When you first start studying about keto, one of the most important things for you to understand is the fundamental nature of ketones.

In this particular instance, we will begin with beta-hydroxybutyrate, which is one of the most frequently discussed as well as significant ketone bodies.

What’s next?

It’s interesting to note that there are two distinct types of BHB.

Both of these variations of BHB are classified as “chiral” molecules, which refers to two molecules that are basically “mirror images” of one another yet have otherwise similar structural makeups.

One of these forms is called R-BHB, and it is the molecule that is regularly created in the metabolism of both humans and animals. Fasting, exercise, and ketogenic diets are all ways that levels of R-BHB in the blood can be increased.

R-BHB is the only type of BHB that can be metabolized into acetyl-CoA and, ultimately, ATP for the production of energy in the body.

S-BHB is the name given to the other variety of BHB.

The oxidation of fatty acids results in the production of S-BHB, which is, in reality, only an intermediate (a step before to) R-BHB.

In point of fact, S-BHB does not even stick around for the length of time necessary to exit our mitochondria and enter the circulation.

For the purposes of this article, any mention of BHB should be understood to relate to the R variant.

Now that we’ve established that, let’s investigate the manufacturing process behind BHB.

Ketogenesis, also referred to as “the origin of ketones,” is the process by which BHB is created.

Insulin levels drop when our body is starved or glucose-depleted (and when muscle and liver glycogen are similarly low).

Low insulin levels enable lipolysis, which causes fat cells to start releasing free fatty acids from our body’s internal reserves.

The liver subsequently receives these fatty acids and converts them into acetyl-coenzyme A. (acetyl-CoA).

How it works

Acetyl-CoA undergoes a series of processes in the liver that ultimately result in the formation of the ketone body acetoacetate (AcAc).

BHB is produced by an enzyme called BHB-dehydrogenase from AcAc.

After BHB is created, specialized transporters move it from the liver into the bloodstream, where it is used as fuel.

The method of using BHB for energy is essentially a reverse of ketone synthesis; acetyl-CoA is formed from BHB breakdown and is then utilized to build ATP.

How precisely does BHB move?

It leaves the liver via a transporter called the monocarboxylate transporter, or MCT.

BHB utilizes the MCT transporter in the brain to get through the blood-brain barrier.

BHB molecules are also very quickly dissolved in both blood and water, which makes it extremely effective in moving through the body.

We have more BHB than AcAc, which could be one explanation.

The fact that our brains utilize BHB instead of its precursor, fatty acids, may constitute an evolutionary advantage.

The use of fatty acids as a source of energy in the brain may result in issues such as 1) an oxygen-starved environment for neurons because of the higher amount of oxygen required for the oxidation of fatty acids; 2) an increase in the production of the oxygen-free radical superoxide, which can harm the brain; and 3) since the oxidation of fatty acids is a “slow” process, the brain wouldn’t have the energy it would need to make quick decisions

This procedure is quite complex.

But our bodies have evolved to do it, so it’s entirely natural.

But other than “starvation,” how can we raise BHB levels in our blood?

Limited fasting and regular exercise are two proven methods to increase ketogenesis in the body, which in turn can lead to substantial weight loss with little or no physical trauma or discomfort. 

It’s not a cure-all, or panacea, but skipping a meal or two once a week, and taking a long walk in the park a few times a week, will bring about some astonishing results when done in conjunction with keto 3d pills with BHB.